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Leadership in the Middle East: The Story of Women in Lebanon Middle East Institute

This would be a radical change from the separate education system that had developed for girls, which provided by French, American, and British organizations. Girls learned French history and the Catholic religion but were not required to learn the history of Lebanon/Syria or study their own Protestant, Maronite, Islamic, or Eastern Orthodox religions.

As of 2009, there had only been 17 women to serve on more about it on parliament since suffrage. That number is rather dismal, but it paints the perfect picture of what the outlook of women in parliament is. The lack of women in politics is chalked up the political exclusivity that is bred in Lebanon, constricting societal norms and gender roles.

  • When her sister began losing hope she would be able to afford costly treatment to help regain mobility and speech impaired by brain cancer, and the bank declined to provide the savings, Hafiz said she decided to act.
  • Sexual difficulties are neither discussed publicly nor privately.
  • The need to share her concerns was apparent, considering that her sexual difficulties impacted profoundly on her, physically and psychologically.
  • Over the last decade, Lebanon has experienced an increase in the rate of cancer patients.
  • They won’t always let you cover the bill and will often insist on covering her own meal and even yours.
  • A study by Berra and colleagues also revealed that menopausal women (36.2%) are less distressed by sexual dysfunction in comparison with premenopausal women (64.5%).

This unexplained reduction in the number of diagnosed OC cases could be due to the immense increase in population, with the increased influx of refugees, specifically in 2014 and 2015. In fact, in Lebanon, in 2015, the refugee population represented 30% of the total population. International health assistance has been provided to refugee populations in Lebanon. However, the current humanitarian system has also contributed to the increase in fragmentation of the Lebanese health system . Lebanon has a fragmented and uncoordinated healthcare system, which is highly privatised and based on user fees . This could have led to a total increase in population count, with an unhindered OC case report number, which eventually lead to a consequent downfall in the ASIR throughout the years, explaining the unusual results.

CallsFind calls for submissions and funding opportunities from civil society partners in the Arab World. EventsAttend community events & join civil society activities for the Arab World. Middle East and North Africa is a largely middle income region however, it tends to perform more like a low income region on many critical financial and private sector economic indicators. This is an important explanatory variable as to why MENA job growth is so weak. This brief provides an overview of a series of areas where MENA lags behind other regions, particularly LIC regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. More than ever, World Bank support is needed to create jobs and boost shared prosperity in a promising region which significantly underperforms.

She believes it is unacceptable in 2022 to have a political party that does not observe a policy to support the existence of women and achieve equality. She also stressed that there is political support for her candidacy from certain parliamentary blocs and independent or reformists, noting « There is a chance for me to reach the presidency. » The NAP indicates that the implementation matrix, and the specific indicators listed on it, will serve as a framework for monitoring and reporting on implementation efforts. Additionally, a national baseline study will be conducted during the first year of implementation. There will also be a final evaluation during the last year of implementation.

Lebanese Woman

In fact, 313,959 new cases of OC were reported in 2020 globally, accounting for 3.4% of all new female cancer cases, and deaths due to OC represented around 4.7% of all cancer-related deaths . Ovarian neoplasms are classified by the World Health Organisation according to the probable tissue of origin. These categories are surface epithelial (65%), germ cell (15%), sex cord-stromal (10%), metastases (5%) and miscellaneous (5%) . Data were collected from the Lebanese National Cancer Registry for the time period 2005–2016 . Data from other countries were retrieved from an online database ‘Cancer Incidence in Five Continents’. The age-specific and age-standardised incidence rates were calculated and analysed using Joinpoint regression.


Often, the endings are bittersweet as the women are unhappy away from their roots. Her female characters may not have managed to reach ultimate self-determination, but they never seem to give up.

In 1938–1939, Damascene women organized four nationalist protests against unfair treatment. But political movements were male-dominated, and with growing violence, the message was that the streets were too dangerous for women.

Findings enrich the social science literature about a sensitive topic that is poorly discussed, particularly among middle-aged women generally and in Lebanon specifically. Women in this study voiced their sexual difficulties from a feminist perspective that considers their views as fundamental.

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